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Centrifugal air purification methods

Suspended particles settle under the action of the centrifugal force that occurs when the gas flow is swirled, and are collected in a dust collector.

The designs may differ: cyclones (turbulence of the gas flow), rotoclones (parts of the apparatus itself rotate), but in general terms, the principle of their operation is as follows: the gas flow under pressure enters the cylindrical part of the structure, where it moves in a spiral towards the bottom, where the flow reverses in direction and rushes up through the core near the axis (cyclone).

Gravitational settling is used for coarse cleaning of medium particles (diameter more than 10 µm).

As a result, a large volume of solid multi-component (usually) waste is generated.