One of the factors limiting the height of residential and public buildings is the capacity of the elevator system and the area required for the organization of a staircase and elevator node. The higher the number of floors of a capital construction object, the more important it becomes to comply with fire protection requirements in the object and the device of stairwells, as well as the types of elevator systems, changes.
Depending on the drive, there are elevators: electric (the most common), hydraulic and pneumatic.
An interesting solution for high-rise buildings is the use of bolus elevators on a magnetic cushion, for example, the SkyPod system proposed by the London architectural bureau PLP Architecture.
Modern elevator designs have the following features:
- reducing noise and vibration in the building and elevator cabin,
- improving safety and reliability of operation, ease of use, and
- reducing energy consumption.