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GHG Protocol

GHG Protocol (Protocol for Greenhouse Gas Emissions) is a global standard developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), which provides a framework for assessing and accounting for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by businesses and organizations.
The goal of the GHG Protocol is to help companies measure, account for, and manage their GHG emissions. It offers general principles and methodologies for estimating greenhouse gas emissions, as well as defines areas of responsibility and classification of emission sources.

GHG Protocol defines three areas for measuring and accounting GHG emissions:

  1. Scope 1 (Direct emissions): Refers to GHG emissions that arise from a company's direct activities, such as emissions from fuel combustion or manufacturing processes. Examples include carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from company vehicles or methane (CH4) emissions from waste storage.
  2. Scope 2 (Emissions from purchased electricity): Refers to GHG emissions associated with the production of electricity that the company purchases. This may include emissions from coal-fired or gas-fired electricity generation that are consumed by the company.
  3. Scope 3 (Supply chain emissions and other indirect emissions): Refers to indirect GHG emissions associated with the company's activities, but not directly controlled by the company. Examples include emissions from the production and transportation of raw materials used by the company, emissions from the use of products by the company, or emissions from employee business trips.

An important aspect of the GHG Protocol is its recognition and promotion of companies' reporting on GHG emissions. It allows companies to measure and report their emissions, which helps them manage their environmental performance and take measures to reduce GHG emissions.

Many companies around the world are already using the GHG Protocol to measure and account for their GHG emissions. This helps them identify the main sources of emissions and develop strategies to reduce emissions, which contributes to a more sustainable and environmentally responsible business.

GHG Protocol is an important tool for business in the field of sustainable development. It helps companies realize their contribution to climate change and take the necessary measures to reduce GHG emissions. Thanks to the GHG Protocol, businesses can become an important participant in the global effort to combat climate change and create a more environmentally sustainable future.

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